Getting stung by a bee or a wasp hurts. A swelling appears where the child has been stung. The sting should be removed immediately. There is only reason to worry, if the child is allergic to bee or wasp. Call the doctor immediately, if the child shows signs of allergy or has been stung on the throat or inside the mouth.
All parents know about their children being bitten or stung by insects. Even though it hurts where the child has been stung or bitten, far most insect bites are completely harmless. There is only reason to worry in rare cases where the child is allergic to sting by bee or wasp.
Stinging insects like wasps and bees has a sting on the abdomen. The sting is connected to a small venomous bladder that is emptied into the skin and this hurts. The sting of the bee has barbs and therefore it remains after the bee has gone. If the sting is not removed, it will continue to pump venom into the child’s skin.
However, other insects can also bother the child. Mosquito, midges and clegs (called horse-flies) have no sting but their bite can be painful because their spit contains substances that irritate the skin.
The child can react in three different ways after being stung or bitten by an insect:
With far most children at sting from a bee or wasp triggers immediate crying. Near the sting a sore, red swelling appears that lasts for a few days. It may itch. The size of the swelling depends on where the child has been stung and how it reacts to the poison. If the child is stung on a finger, the swelling is not big because the skin is very tight there. If the child is stung on an eyelid, where the skin is looser, the swelling will be bigger. Some children react strongly to the sting, while others barely notice, however, this has nothing to do with allergies. The swelling may become quite large and can stay for several days without it matters.
Only stings from bees and wasps can cause an allergic reaction. The allergy appears by heavy swelling, itchy red rash covering the entire body, difficulty with breathing and fainting. The first time a child is stung, the allergic reaction is not very violent but for every time the child is stung the reaction becomes more and more violent.
It can be hard to determine whether a heavy swelling is caused by allergy or just a violent reaction, because the child reacts violently or because the child is stung where the skin is loose. Only an allergy-test can reveal the answer.
If you suspect that the child is allergic to bee or wasp, the child should be examined by a doctor. If the child is allergic, the parents must procure a syringe with adrenalin for the next time the child is stung by a bee or a wasp. Usually, the child is allergic to either bee or wasp – never both.
There is also the possibility of vaccinating the child against bee or wasp. Such a vaccination against an allergy is very effective but takes several years to complete.
Both sting and bite can lead to bacteria crawling under the skin and cause inflammation. Inflammation appears by redness, warmth and soreness where the child has been stung. It is important to be aware that inflammation does not appear until a few days after the sting or bite, while the normal swelling appears few hours after the sting or the bite.