By Bjarne Lühr Hansen PhD, MD and Philipp Skafte-Holm MD, Mentor Institute
All children have experienced bleeding wounds in the skin caused by stabbing, cutting or from an abrasion. Far the most wounds can be treated at home by parents or other adults.
No matter where the wound is located or how big/deep it is, the adult should proceed as follows:
stop the bleedingclean the wound from dirtdetermine whether the wound can be treated at home or if a doctor needs to be consultedbandage the wounddetermine if the child needs to be vaccinated against tetanuswatch for signs of infection
A wound heals in the course of 8-12 days. The first 1-2 days the body cleans the wound by itself. While this takes place the wound is weeping and mucky. After 3-5 days a crust is formed covering the wound and after 6-8 days the skin grows to cover the wound underneath the crust. Finally, after 8-12 days, the crust falls of and reveals a scar.
If the wound becomes inflamed it is revealed by swelling, warmth, redness and soreness. All four symptoms must be present at the same time. The first days after the accident the wound is mucky and therefore many believe it to be inflamed – but it is not, it is just the body cleaning the wound. Inflammation does not appear sooner than two days after the accident.